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Monitoring of Taunsa Barrage Emergency Rehabilitation Project

Project summary:

The purpose of this project is to prevent the breaking down of the dilapidated Taunsa barrage, built in 1958, on the Indus river、 running through the central part of Pakistan. This project comprises of the restoration of the barrage, floodgates and its incidental facilities in order to guarantee a water resource to the peripheral area. Out of the entire construction cost of US$150 million, the World Bank is financing US$123 million (approved in October 2004). Also, the Government of Japan is contributing a grant aid of 5165 million yen, for the detailed design of the floodgates and this is being executed by JICA.


The following problems have been occurring at the Project location.

  1. Insufficient compensation to the relocated inhabitants: As per the resettlement plan, the compensation has to be paid according to the area previously occupied, but all of them are being paid an even amount.
  2. Degradation of the living environment of the relocated inhabitants: Due to the design defects, the drainage and hygiene conditions of the relocation area are dreadful resulting in spread of disease. Construction work is being carried out during the night in violation of the agreement. In opposition to the instructions of the Electricity department, houses have been built directly under the high voltage cables.
  3. Indictment of people not possessing proper land titles : 38 people who have been living on their land for more than 40 years, have been indicted by the government on the grounds that they do not have any legal rights.
  4. The change in flow level threatens a large number of farmlands: The drainage basin changes due to the enclosed construction of waterproofing for the restoration of the barrage. Depending on the location, the threat is advancing up to even 2-3 kms. Some residents are being forced to relocate but they have not been provided compensation for the land and houses they have to leave behind.
  5. The advancement of flood damage to farmlands: For the purpose of barrage restoration, water is being allowed to flow up to the max. limit in the left bank irrigation canal. This is causing damage to the farmers, as the intensified liquefaction of the farmlands is leading to rotting of the roots of the farm products.
  6. Insufficient water for drinking and agriculture: Stopping of the flow of water to the right bank irrigation canal (without any advance notification), for the barrage restoration, resulted in insufficient water for drinking and agriculture purposes over an area tens of kilometers downstream. This led to problems like damage to farm products, spread of sickness, relocation to slums etc. But still neither any relief measures were under taken nor has any compensation been provided.

JACSES is carrying out field investigation and policy advocacy to the World Bank and the Government of Japan in order to ensure a solution to the problems stated above.

Action taken:

Contact Person: Yuki Tanabe

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