Development and Aid
Green Tax Reform
Climate Change
Earth Summit
About us
Mission and History
Board Members and Staff
Get Involved
Contact Us
JACSES Publications
Development and Aid
Green Tax Reform

Local Environmental Taxes

Examination & Introduction of Environmental Taxes by Local Governments

Environmental issues are to be tackled on both the global level (such as with global warming) as well as on the local level. For this reason, some environmental taxes are said to be made more effective when levied on a local-basis, rather than nationally.

Unlike the central government, which has been conservative in its introduction of environmental taxes, local governments in recent years have been active in examining and introducing environmental taxes such as ones on industrial waste.

This positive trend seen in local self-governing bodies has been accelerated since the year 2000, when the Local Tax Law, as a means of decentralization, saw its reform to expand the taxation autonomy of local governments. Examination and introduction of various environmental taxes by local governments are expected to progress even further in the future.

Whilst the word "environment" is coined in justifying these taxes, there remains a possibility that the actual purpose of these taxes may be additional revenue, rather than effective environmental preservation. One key issue in establishing a fair and sustainable local society in the 21st century is whether local self-governing bodies adopt fair and effective environmental taxes.

>More on local environmental taxes in Japan
(Currently available in Japanese only)

| HOME |

Japan Center for a Sustainable Environment and Society (JACSES)
401, Sanshin Bldg., 2-3-2 Iidabashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0072 Japan (MAP)
Phone: +81-3-3556-7323 Fax: +81-3-3556-7328 Email:

Copyright JACSES All Rights Reserved.